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Puja is unavoidable part of Karwa Chauth, a festival celebrated by women in north and the north western part of India. Read on to know more about the significance and rituals of this puja.

Karwa Chauth Puja

Karwa Chauth is the festival that is celebrated with great pomp and fanfare in various parts of India, mainly in the north and north-west parts and even in some parts of Pakistan. This festival symbolizes love and affection present between a husband and wife. On this day, married or even committed/engaged singles pray for the safety, prosperity and the well-being of their husband or fiance by keeping a fast starting from sun rise till moon rise.Observed on the fourth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Karthik,nine days prior to Diwali according to the Hindu calendar, the word Karwa means an 'earthen lamp' and Chauth means 'fourth'. There are many legends associated with Karwa Chauth, depicting the significance of this one-day festival.Like any other religious festival, puja and worship are two important parts of Karwa Chauth. Read further and figure out the customs related to the Karwa Chauth puja.

Significance And Rituals


Karwa Chauth and the related fast is observed by married/ committed women for the well - being and long life of their husband/fiance. They eat food early morning before sun rise and fast for the entire day, without taking food or water till the moon rise.

The Puja Rituals
  • Women start their preparations for the puja, the day prior to the festival. They buy shringars (adornments), puja items, henna, matti (powdery mus), etc. well in advance. They have their food before sunrise, putmehendi(henna) on their hand and feet and visit their friends and family.
  • In the evening, all the women gather at a common place either at someone's house, temple or garden, wherever the Puja is arranged. The legend of Karwa Chauth is then narrated by an elderly women or the pujarin (priestess). During this gathering, a special mud pot is kept to symbolize lord Ganesh. An idol of Goddess Parvati, fruits, flowers and foodgrains to offer to the deities are also placed at the puja venue.
  • A pitcher with water is kept at the center of the gathering. Each women carries with her a thali (plate). While listening to the Karwa Chauth legends, each of the womenlightdiyas in their thali.Once the puja is over, women pass their thalito the eldermost member of the gathering, who then blesses all the others for happiness in life.
  • The puja thali is otherwise known as 'baya' and contains vermilion, sacred water, dry fruits, diyas, Indian sweets, roli, earthen clay pots etc. Mostlyrangoli, alpana, flowers, leaves, petals etc. are also used to decorate thali.
  • On this occasion women wear heavy saris, or chunris in red, pink or any other bridal colors. They wear all the signs of married women, like bindi, earrings, nose pin, tika, bangles, chonp, etc.
  • When the moon comes out in the evening, women see its reflection in their thalis of water or through a sieve or dupatta followed by seeing their husband. After this, they offer water or prasadto the moon and ask for blessings, prosperity and long life of their husband. Husbands then offer food to their wives,with which wives end their fast.
Puja is an important part of all traditional festival and Karwa Chauth is no exception to that. Now that you know all about the puja, it will not be difficult for you to take part in the festivities.